Saturday, August 19, 2017

Further Diary Entries – Part 4

Dairy Entry - Neither Mr. S.C.Agrawal nor Mr. R.K.Garg nor Mr. V.J.Francis told me ever to do any work nor was I ever paid anything for I was doing just nothing. Just come, watch, read and learn if you can. Ramamurty & Co. was a perfect well structured powerful law firm to deal with every issue raised in Supreme Court. In fact they were there in all important Constitutional matters, with Mr. R.K.Garg leading from the front and Mr. S.C.Agarwal, also known as the moving encyclopedia of Supreme Court, supporting him with a great sime. Everybody was enjoying what was happening and a lot was happening every day. There was nothing specific for me to be do or contribute in the on going activities, except Thursday settling of list with Mr. V.J. Francis. It was amazing to see Mr. S.C. Agrawal working always bearing a great smile. He would read the whole file cover to cover, make some notes, pick up some judgments and draft the whole Special Leave Petition in his own hand writing which was like scribbling in the smallest size possible. Beginning from ‘In the Supreme Court of India’ till ‘Drawn and Filed by’ or sometimes dictate to the steno in the same style, if the steno was free as he was mostly getting work from Mr.R.KGarg. There was one typist who alone was able to decipher Mr.S.C.Agarwal hand writing and would cut the stencils. From stencils copies of SLPs were rolled out in the side room by Mr.Sikka, one plus eleven. One plus seven were filed in the Supreme Court (if the matter was referred to 5 judges, there were sufficient copies available), one for Mr. R.K. Garg, one for Mr. S.C. Agrawal, one for Mr. V.J.Francis which I used to use for reading and making my notes and one for the client. I would read all the briefs that were listed, make my notes, read the judgments referred in the judgments of the High Courts and noted by Mr. R.K.Garg and cited by Mr. S.C.Agrawal during conference. I was enjoying absorbing everything that was going around. If notice was issued in the SLP, then the stencils were re-rolled and one copy for each respondent was filed with the registry, which used to prepare the index. The opposite counsel was given three sets, one for his senior, one for AOR and another for his client, after he had confirmed that he had filed the Vakalatnama.
Joining Diploma in Administrative Law – Indian Law InstituteRight in front of Supreme Court was a building  of Bar Council of India and next to it on the right was a four storied building of Indian Law Institute. When I visited it I found it had a huge library, particularly Law Journals from Howard, Stanford, Yale and many other Law Universities. I also found that they were running a diploma courses in Administrative Law, Labour Law and Company law. Since I had a good time to spare, I joined Administrative Law diploma and would go in the evening to attend my classes from 5.30 to 7.30 come back to the chamber and read till 9 pm.
Joining classes at Bhartiya Vidhya Bhawan - My grandfather used to tell us (me and my elder brother) a story every late evening post dinner 8.15 to 9.15 since I was of the age of 5 till 13 yrs of age. They covered the entire Bhaagwat, Mahaabharat and Raamaayan. Swami Chinmayanada had come to Jodhpur for his 365 Geeta Gyan Yagya for the period 7 days. While I was in my final year LL.B, I accompanied my grandfather for the morning discourse on 13 chapter of Srimat Bhagwat Gita and evening discourse on Narad Bhakti Sutra and Parshno Upanishad. This was the beginning of my spiritual awakening. I think it came at a time when it was most required. A got a copy Srimat Bhagwat Gita by Swami Chidananda with my grandfather signatures and it was the great treat of my life, reading the same from the cover to cover. The introduction running into 78 pages opened my thinking process and the book was the greatest treat of my life, which I still continue to enjoy and refer to whenever necessary. On enquiry I came to know that Chinmaya Mission was conducting classes of Friday evening and Sunday Morning in Upanishad at Bhartiya Vidya Bhawan, which was on Karturba Gandhi Marg, walking distance from Supreme Court. I met Swami Yagya Chaitaniya there, a young yogi and a very close disciple of Swami Chinamayanad. The classes started with Kathopanishad, the next to follow was Kaivaliyopanishad and thereafter all the major 11 upanishad.
Acquaintances, Associates, Colleagues and Friends - There are a large number of amazing young advocates from all over the country who had passed their law in 1975 – 1976. May be there is some commonality or a good reason for all of us being here together. Made some good acquaintances with Ashok Panda from Orissa, Ram Kumar from Chennai, Ms. Malini Poduval from Kerala, B.B.Singh from Bihar, Rupinder Singh Suri from Delhi, Manik Tarkunde was Justice Trakunde’s daughter from Bombay, a very respected senior. There is an interesting group of Ms. Sunanda Bhandare, Y.K.Jain, K.K. Mohan, Anil Singh, Rajeev Dutta, Naresh Sharma and L.R. Singh, meeting every Friday evening at Ashoka Hotel. Cold tea with lime and french fries and lot of discussions. I enjoyed their company and the wide range of thoughts communicated by them.
03.01.1977 – Elevation of P.S.Kailasam as Judge of Supreme Court – Justice P.S.Kailasm from Madras High Court was elevated as a judge of Supreme Court today
29.01.1977 – Elevation of Justice M.H.Beg as Chief Justice of India - Today justice M.H.Beg was sown in as the 15th  Chief Justice of India. The ceremony was held at Rashtrapati Bhawan, where only few were invited. Mr. D.P.Singh, Mr. R.K.Garg and Mr. S.C.Agarwal had all gone attend the ceremony. Justice H.R.Khanna who was the sole dissenting judge in the MISA case was superseded and had resigned. He would have continued as Chief Justice for about 43 days, till 12.03.1977. This was the second supersession in the history of Supreme Court, when a seniormost pusine judge was not made the Chief Justice of India. The earlier was immediately after the judgment of Keshwanand Bharti in 1973, the basic structure case, when Justice A.N.Ray was elevated as the Chief Justice of India and three senior judges Justice J.M.Shelat, Justice K.S.Hedge and Justice A.N.Grover had resigned. Commitment to political thinking seems to be imperative for giving effect to the progressiveness and dynamics ingrained and inbuilt in the Constitution.
24.03.1977 - Congress Loses Election - Congress lost election in Center and Rajasthan. Morarji Desai became the Prime Minister of India and Mr. Bhiron Singh Shekhawat in Rajasthan. Mr. Shrikrishanmal Modi lost election from Neem Ka Thana. I will have to vacate the room I was so comfortably occupying at 60, South Avenue, in next 3 months.
31.03.1977- 4.00 pm – SCBA Meeting - Supreme Court Bar Association today held a meeting to consider the actions of Mr. H.R. Gokhale, of what did to Law and Justice and the Supreme Court as a Union Minister of law and justice and not to allow him to continue as a member of the Bar Association. He was instrumental in imposition of Emergency and incharge of all legal issues with Mrs. Indira Gandhi, Prime Minister of India. Ramamurty & Co. was very close to her. Mr. S.C.Agarwal had drafted the S.LP against the Allahabad High Court judgment, setting aside her election. Mr. Govind Mukhoti the Vice President of the Bar Association spoke about the resolution he had in his hand for not allowing SCBA membership to Mr. Gokhale. A cry was there to postpone the meeting and there were many cries to see that the cries stop.
  The resolution was then read by Mr. J.P. Goyal the main contender in favour of passing the resolution as he seemed to be, started with some personal allegations about him helping his son in law by briefs and to see that he becomes something, which otherwise would not have been possible. Then he came upon saying that Mr. R.K. Garg sat down in Keshwanand Bharti case taking Rs. 1,00,000. At that stage Mr Shiv Pujan Singh came out and shouted and cried that if that was so, than everyone in the profession was corrupt.
   The entire Bar shouted, all and every one shouted at the top of their voice and nobody could listen what other said but everybody said what he long wished to say. It seemed out to be a wonderful channel to project ones thoughts, when nobody could listen but everybody could hear. This made the V.P. say that the resolution be passed by raising of hands. Hands were raised, counted in its own way and resolution could not be passed. There was a victorious joys and some faces fell lopsided, but then there was call for recounting. Again hands were raised, recounting was done, this time the other side got more hands on its side. The expressions changed, some faces became long and other exalted with joy. The meeting ended with resolution being passed.
  It is most interesting to see people with personal grievances, personal attachments, personal knowledge, with rigid political orientation and singled channeled thoughts seeing their profession of a lawyer being suspended by a thin thread of political relationships. In the game of power, when it is used ruthlessly, it can be serious misuse for others existing during the same time. Every man is so bewildered, effected an involved in the moment that the real cause always remain hidden, forgotten and we are so much effected by this thought, that we think ourselves as the effect only, totally in contradiction with what says Shrimat Bhagwad Geeta, but this is the real world of activities in flesh and blood for the purse and that is the philosophy for the soul.

Sunday, August 13, 2017

Further Diary Entries - Moving Ahead in Lateral Time

05.08.1976 (Thursday) - Matters were over by 4.00 pm. At 4.15 pm, Mr. Sikka handed over a thick Tentative Cause List with the covering paper giving item numbers to Mr. V.J. Francis. Mr. Francis asked me to accompany him to the Court. I had a question mark on my face. He told me that it was a Thursday, on which the Cause List for the next week was settled in the Chief Justice Court by Mr. C.M. Oberoi, the Asst. Registrar and that was the first place apart from mentioning in court, where an new Advocate learns to address the Court. The Chief Justice Court was packed by Advocate on Records, all having cause list with numbers written on the first page, in their hand.
      Matters were called one after another. The Advocates were insisting on matters not being listed, particularly where notices had been issued and stay had been granted and the other side insisted that matter must be listed for the stay was operating against their clients. One of the interesting grounds was ‘material instructions not received’, which was a great humor issue. The environment was very cordial and very dignified, everybody knew everybody and the Asst. Registrar had continued to insist that the matters should be listed in the next week, for he had little matters for the court. Mr. V.J. Francis told me to speak out two dates in the next week, when the matter should be listed and Mr. C.M. Oberoi looked at me, for that was a new voice coming for Ramamurthy & Co. and accepted it willingly. Mr. Francis himself submitted the cases where the matter had not be listed or to be listed weeks thereafter. The matters which had to be listed after the next week were shown in the tentative list for that week and were confirmed again before they were listed.  Since the dates were already known well in advance to the advocates, as the clients had to come from all over the country, it was good reason for not giving the name of the Advocates on Records on the cause list. Ramamurthy & Co. had a great repute for it appeared for employees and labour supported by trade unions. R.K. Garg had a flair and command in his presentations and arguments, he was a member of Communist Party of India (CPI) and was known for his strong nationalist socialist philosophy. Ramamurthy and Co. had a lot of criminal and service matters from Bihar, UP, Rajasthan and South and also Civil litigation.
     06.08.1976 (Friday) - Around 5 pm, Mr.R.K.Garg came into the 20 A Lawyers Chambers along with another advocate and a two other persons behind him, who looked like leaders (Office Bearers of P & T Trade Unions) and told Mr. S.C. Agrawal “ OK, let’s go” and looking at me said “You also come”. Mr. Agrawal got up and we all went outside. Mr. Agrawal took the driver seat of a white Fiat, Mr. Garg sat next to him and four of us got squeezed in the back seat and we all drove to a market place very close to Supreme Court called the Bengali Market. On the way I saw Triveni Art Gallery on the right of the road after a big round about. I had enjoyed painting since my early childhood and had done several of them in dot painting, pencil, batik, oil. Everybody was in a relaxed mood, it was a Friday evening, we all ate samosa and chola bhatura and went back to the chamber. After sometime everybody left including Mr. Sikka. No work on Friday evening or Friday evening was the only non-working evening for Advocates, rest was all working days and working evenings, it was all about law, law and law. I was enjoying every moment of my life in Supreme Court.
     Since I had nothing particular to do or go, I made a call to my grandfather and mother and told her that I was fine. I then made a few calls to my relatives in Delhi and informed them that I was in Delhi. They asked me if I could come and have dinner with them, to which I readily agreed, asked them about the bus number which I could take to reach their closest bus stand and fixed up my evening meeting for the next and the next Friday.
     07.08.1976 (Saturday) - Had conference meeting in the chamber of Mr. R.K.Garg. There were two more Advocates present there. After Mr. S.C.Agrawal left, Mr. R.K.Garg introduced me to them. One was Mr. R.K. Jain form U.P. and other was Mr. R.P.Singh from Bihar who had joined Mr. D.P.Singh.
    10.08.1976 - Ramamurti and Co. is an amazing place and a citadel of the Marxist or Communist or Leftist thinking, of which I have no knowledge or idea at all, seems to do something with politics, will learn it all over the years. Mr. Francis told me that Mr.V.K. Krishna Menon who was the Defence Minister in Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru’s Cabinet and Mr. Mohan Kumarmanglam who was Home Minister in Indira Gandhi’s Cabinet and Syed Mehmood were the original Seniors who were briefed by Mr. M.K.Ramamuti, Mr. D.P.Singh. Mr. R.K.Garg and Mr. S.C.Agrawal and Ramamurti & Co was formed and were allotted 20 A, 25 and 26 Chamber.  After the death of Mr. Mohan Kumarmanglam in a plane crash in 1969, there was a split in the Law Firm where Mr. M.K.Ramamurti retained 25 Lawyers Chambers with Ms. Shyamla Pappu and Chamber No. 20 A, which was infact a canteen and the largest amongst the chambers and 26 were retained by Mr. D.P.Singh, Mr. R.K. Garg and Mr. S.C.Agrawal. After Mr. D.P. Singh was designated as a senior Advocate, Ramamurthy & Co, had two partners, Mr. R.K. Garg and Mr. S.C. Agarwal.
    There was no restrain on any advocate to continue to keep his files and continue meetings with his client in 20 A Lawyers Chambers. There has been a huge lot of advocates who had been associated with Ramamurthy & Co. Other Advocates who were using the chamber regularly were Mr. Naryan Netter, Advocate on Record for the State of Karnataka and a very fine gentlemen to the core. Mr. Narayan Nettar was a class fellow of Mr. S.C.Agrawal in London, when they were doing their Bar at Law there in 1956-58.  His wife was a lecturer of English in Kamla Nehru, College. Mr.P.D. Sharma, Advocate was another advocate who was occupying the chamber regularly, a simple human being, who kept to himself. A smile and a hand shake every time we met.
   13.08.1976 - Justice M.L. Jain, a judge in the High Court of Delhi, a very close friend of my father , was transferred from High Court of Rajasthan, because of his differences with another Senior Judge in the High Court. Justice M.L.Jain informed me to come to Ashoka Hotel and meet Mr. Shrikrishanmal Modi, a Member of Parliament from Neem ka Thana, Rajasthan. At the meeting Mr. Modi told me that he had a M.P. flat at 60, South Avenue, with a Barsati Floor and that I can stay there.
   15.08.1976 - I reached 60, South Avenue, with all my belongings, an attaché and a bedding. Mr. Shrikrishanmal Modi had left instructions for me and I went up to the Barsati Floor. It was a one room apartment with an attached washroom and a terrace in front. There was greenery all around, an MP Canteen right in front and a very calm and wonderful environment. I felt extremely comfortable, for there was lot of peace, fresh air and freedom.
   16.08.1976 - Setting into routine -Got up in the morning at 5.30 am as usual. Went for a jog around 6 am. Came back went through my yoga exercises, did my pranayama and meditation to which I was introduced 2 years ago by a yogi whom I never met again, took bath and was ready around 8.00 am. Went to the MPs canteen, took my breakfast, two boiled eggs, four slices of bread and a glass of milk. Took a bus to Krishi Bhawan, changed the bus and got down at Tilak Bridge and walked to Supreme Court.  In the chamber between 9.00 to 9.15 am. Read the law reports, starting making notes, read some briefs, had my lunch in the canteen, continued to be in the chamber till around 9 pm, walked down to Tilak Bridge, took a bus back to South Avenue. Went straight to the Canteen, took my dinner, four tandoori chapatti, half plate aloo matter and half plate gobhi and in my room by 10 – 10.15 pm.  Read some books. I never subscribed and never felt the necessity of Newspaper. Washed my clothes twice a week after coming back, upto about 12.30 -1 pm and met my relatives on Friday evenings. Sometimes called my grandfather and mother in the late evening before I left the chamber. This was a routine I continued to and follow every day.
   03.09.1976 - Today I got my enrollment as the Advocate from the Bar Council of Delhi and can now wear a white band, a black coat and a gown and can regularly appear in the court along with Mr. Francis and my seniors. My grandfather had completed his LL.B in 1926 and  retired as the first Registrar of High Court of Rajasthan on 31.03.1951 on his attaining the age of 58 yrs. from Jodhpur. My father had completed his LL.B in 1946 but joined the bar in 1950 since he was the prcharak for south delhi during that period. However, since warrants were issued against all RSS personnel after Gandhi murder in February 1948, my grandfather insisted him to join the profession. My father had started practicing law with Mr. C.L. Agarwal at Jaipur. In 1958, my father had along with our family shifted to Jodhpur, after abolition of the Jaipur Bench of the High Court of Rajasthan. He was associated with R.K.Rastogi and had started independent practice thereafter till he was elevated as a judge of Rajasthan High Court in 1973.
   Since my father was a sitting judge of High Court of Rajasthan and was likely to remain till 1986, he felt that my presence in Rajasthan would not be conducive in his, my and the institution’s interest. I, therefore, did not apply for my enrollment as an Advocate with the Bar Council of Rajasthan, but applied it to the Bar Council of Delhi. My name was proposed by Mr. S.C.Agarwal and for the second recommendation Mr. S.C.Agrawal requested Mr. S.K. Mehta, Advocate whose chamber number was 43 and he had willingly and happily accepted aswe walked to his chamber.
   20.09.1976 - We had item No. 1 in the Chief Justices Court and I was sitting next to my senior Mr. S.C.Agrawal. Mrs. Sunanda Bhandare, from Bombay, an advocate on record and daughter of Mr. H.R.Gokhale, Union Law Minister, Government of India mentioned a matter which was on the cause list of the next day, for not to be taken as she was not in town. The A.N.Ray, Chief Justice said that she must get it mentioned on the next day, to which she said that she would not be there the next day and, therefore, it would not be possible for her to mention it the next day.  Chief Justice A.N. Ray then said “Then, let some young advocate mention the matter tomorrow” and looked around. As he looked around his eyes suddenly stopped at me who was sitting in the front row, next to Mr. S.C. Agrawal, and he said “You, young man, mention the matter tomorrow”. It was a pleasant surprise for me, but I thought may be that is the way the Supreme Court functions and encourages juniors. I instantaneously got up and uttered “Yes, My Lordships” and realised all eyes were fixed on me particularly, Ms. Sunanda Bhandare.
There were other mentioning by other advocates and Mr. S.C. Agrawal asked me if I knew Chief Justice A.N. Ray and I said of course not. After our matter was over and as I came out of the Court, I saw Mrs. Sunanda Bhandare and her junior associate Mr. Ajit Sharma, waiting for me. It was the same question again “How Chief Justice A.N.Ray, know you” and “Who are you”. I told them that I did not know Chief Justice A.N. Ray and that I had shifted to Delhi and Supreme Court, because my father was a judge in High Court of Rajasthan and perhaps the only other advocate I knew out of Rajasthan was Mr. S.C.Agrawal and that I will mention the matter tomorrow and that they may give me the brief, so that I can at least read what is there in.
21.09.1976My First appearance before court - I reached the Chief Justice Court at about 10.25, Mr. Ajit Sharma, Advocate was there. I said I was ready, he smiled at me. I was the first in the row of mentioning and told the Chief Justice that the matter was mentioned yesterday and their Lordships had requested me to mention the matter for adjournment. He simply said “Adjourned for two weeks” and I walked back and handed over the brief to Mr. Ajit Sharma. He had put in one year, his father had worked with H.R.Gokhale and he had joined the chamber of  Mr. M.C.Bhandare and Mrs. Sunanda Bhandare. Mr. H.R.Gokhale had two daughters, the elder one was married to Dr. Y.S.Chitale, Senior Advocate and the younger was married to Mr. M.C.Bhandare.

Friday, August 4, 2017

Diary Entry – 02.08.1976 (Monday) - Day Two

Reached 20-A Lawyers Chamber at 9 am. The door was locked, Mr. Sikka arrived shortly. I requested him for the key, so that I can get a duplicate, he said he would get me a duplicate by the evening. Mr. V.J. Francis arrived shortly thereafter and gave a very warm and friendly smile and hand shake. Mr. S.C.Agrawal and Mr. R.K. Garg also arrived around 10 am. Mr. D.P. Singh, the third member of Ramamurti & Co. the eldest and a designated senior and several other advocates arrived and all of them in their full robes with white band and black gown left for the court. Since I was not yet enrolled as an advocate, I was not entitled to wear a white band and a black gown. Mr. V.J. Francis told me to accompany him and we moved towards the Supreme Court main building. Everybody carried one or more briefs and nobody carried the books, as my father used to carry in book trays in the High Court, with the name embossed on it. The trays were made specifically to carry the books to the court rooms and the files were tied in a square cloth and called basta.
The Supreme Court of India has a majestic presence about it. The aerial view of the Supreme Court is that of a balance with Chief Justices court in the center with a big dome and two arms on the side ending in a semi-circular shape like hooks. As I climbed the stairs from the front, I recollected a day in 1964 when I had come to Supreme Court with my father and we had entered the Chief Justice Court. Justice P.B.Gajendragadkar was than the Chief Justice and was presiding over a constitutional bench with Justice K.N.Wanchoo (who was Chief Justice of Rajasthan and my father had appeared before him) Justice M.Hidayatullah, Justice J.C.Shah and Justice S.M.Sikri and I had always wondered how would some body look in a black flowing gown which was worn by Batman in the comics, which I then used to enjoy reading. It was a great annihilating moment for me as I entered the corridors of Supreme Court. The strength of the eight pillars in the front in Dholpur stone looked magnificent. I touched them physically to feel there strength and my physical presence in an institution which was the highest temple of justice in the country like the culmination of all the four dhams erected by Shankracharya at Rameshwaram, Dwarka, Badrinath and Jagganath Puri
There were five courts with Court No. 2 on the right side of Chief Justice Court, when he was sitting inside and Court Nos. 3 and 4 on the left hand side and Court No.5 on the extreme end of the corridor, next to Court No.2. Nobody was able to tell me why Court 4 was next to Court 3 and not after Court 2 for that should have been the normal sitting methodology applied by the Supreme Court. The senior most judge sits on the right side of the presiding judge and the junior on the left. The next junior judge on the right of the senior judge and the next junior to the left of the junior. It’s odd on one side and even on other side, strictly according to seniority. The only reason I could make out was perhaps because Court No. 4 must have started functioning immediately after Court No. 3, while Court No. 5 must have come later when the strength of the judges would have increased and Court No.4 was closer to the Supreme Court Bar Association (SCBA) Library and the main entrance for the convenience of the advocates and clients, while Court No.5 must have come later at the other end.
Supreme Court of India had stated with the strength of 5 judges (Justice H.J.Kania (Bombay), Justice Saiyid Fazal Ali (Patna), Justice M. Patanjali Shastri (Madras), Justice M.C. Mahajan (Punjab), Justice B.K. Mukherjea (Calcutta) and Mr. S.R.Dass (all of them were sitting judges of Federal Court of India on January 26, 1950). The strength of the judges had increased to 13 in 1956, at present there were 11 sitting judges.
There were Senior Advocates, Advocates, Advocates or records and clients in the corridors. All were moving with a definite thought and a definite purpose. I along with Mr. Francis went to the SCBA Library and gave a list of books for each case in each court. On the basis of the list of books given in the SCBA Library, the peons there, carried them to each court and collected them after the court hours, unless the matter was part heard and a slip was kept on the books ‘Please don’t remove the books’. A copy of the list of books was handed over by Mr. Francis to an officer of the court sitting behind one of the two court masters sitting in the center and the appearance of the advocates was handed over to one of the two court master. Everybody knew Mr. Francis and shook hands and smiled, a great place to work, I thought and felt.
As I entered the Chief Justice Court, I was once again awe struck by the interiors after 11 years. But than I was a then a visitor, now I was here to be here and to be a part of this institution. I could feel the high energy level, some whispers amongst the advocates, most of them were friendly smiles, good morning wishes and quick handshakes.  The Chief Justice court had a huge white dome, with holes to control the acoustics. The teak wooden paneling almost 10 ft. high was just breath taking and there was a portrait of Justice H.J.Kania, the first Chief Justice of India on the right side and a portrait of Justice M.C.Mahajan on the left. Some advocates were standing for mentioning urgent matters for being listed or adjournment of the listed matters and the two rows of chairs was almost completely occupied with advocates in their robes, white or stripped trousers, black jacket, black coat, white shirt, white band and black gown. Some advocates were wearing high neck collars.
The first chair on the right side was empty and came to be occupied by Mr. Niren De, the Attorney General of India, who looked to be a towering personality, particularly in view of his statement in MISA case “During Emergency, there is no fundamental right in life and the Union of India had power to hang anybody’. My father was one of the thirteen judges, who had delivered the judgment in MISA case for the High Court of Rajasthan, which was over ruled by the Supreme Court. His view was that the person who is being taken in custody was at least entitled to be identified as the person against whom the warrant was issued. The Supreme Court must undoubtedly have its own logic and reasoning, someday I will certainly understand the same.
Hon’ble Justice A.N.Ray was the Chief Justice and was presiding with Justice M.H.Beg and Justice Jaswant Singh in Chief Justices Court; Justice H.R. Khanna was presiding in Court No.2 with Justice P.N.Bhagwati; Justice Y.V.Chandrachud was presiding in Court No. 3 with Justice P.N. Shinghal  (the first judge to be elevated from High Court of Rajasthan to Supreme Court) and another face known to me before I came to Supreme Court; Justice A.C.Gupta was Presiding in Court No.4 with Justice S. Murtaza Fazal Ali and Justice P.K. Goswami was presiding in Court No. 5 with Justice N.L.Untwalia for miscellaneous matters. 
After the miscellaneous matters were over the bench would break and the benches would be reconstituted for Final Hearing as follows  - Chief Justices Court - Hon’ble the Chief Justice, Hon’ble Mr. Justice M.H.Beg; Court No.2 - Hon’ble Justice H.R.Khanna, Hon’ble Justice N.L.Untwalia and Hon’ble Justice Jaswant Singh; Court No.3 - Hon’ble Justice Y.V.Chandrachud, Hon’ble Justice P.K.Goswami and Hon’ble Justice A.C.Gupta; Court No. 4 - Hon’ble Justice P.N.Bhagwati and Hon’ble Justice S. Murtaza Fazal Ali. No final hearing matters were listed before Court No.5.
Interestingly unlike Rajasthan High Court, the cause list did not give the name of the Advocate and I wondered how any advocate would make out which was his matter, unless he knew the name of each of his pending cases. But the advocates and their clerks just knew.
Cases continued to be conducted and I continued to watch as advocates and Senior Advocates argued and the judges passed the orders. It was a pleasure seeing great Seniors whose names I had heard. I saw Mr. C.K.Daftry former Attorney General of India, moving with a stick very slowly in the corridor, Mr. Niren De was the Attorney General, Mr. S.V. Gupte was the Solicitor General and Mr. Raman was the Additional Solicitor General. Mr. S. T. Desai, who had his book on partnership law, Mr. Lal Narain Sinha, Mr. Ashoke K. Sen, who had visited our house when Automobile Transport case was argued in the Rajasthan High Court, Mr. G.B.Pai, Mr.O.P. Malhotra whose book on Industrial law I had read in the college were all there.
There was a canteen in the ground floor, where I had my lunch and tea and samosa in the evening. Everybody left the chamber around 7.30 pm, Mr. Sikka gave me a duplicate key of the chamber. I continued to stay till 9.00 pm and read SCR as advised and make my notes. Took a three wheeler back to Humayun Road

Monday, July 31, 2017

Forty One years in Supreme Court - Diary Entry August 1, 1976

     On July 31, 1976 Hazari Ji the driver and Ramu Ji the zamadar of my father, Justice D.P. Gupta, Judge, High Court of Rajasthan came to drop me, a twenty one and half years law graduate from Jaswant College, University of Jodhpur, on Delhi Mail at the Jodhpur Railway Station. Delhi Mail left at 2.10 pm to reach Delhi at 6.00 am in the morning today. My father had remained as a junior associate (1950 -1958 at Jaipur, Rajasthan) with Mr. C.L. Agrawal a Senior Advocate and a doyen of the Rajasthan High Court and his eldest son Mr. S.C. Agrawal after completing Bar at Law from London, was practicing law at Supreme Court of India. We had, had a lunch meeting with Mr. S.C. Agarwal about two weeks back in Delhi at Kwality Restaurant, Connaught Placeand my father had requested him to associate me in his office, to which he had readily agreed. My father had fixed for my residence for some time with Mr. N.K. Sanghi, a Member of Parliament from Jodhpur and a close family friend, at Humayun Road, New Delhi. 
    Today, August 1, 1976 a Sunday morning I reached Old Delhi Railway Station at about 6.15 am, with a bedding and an attaché containing apart from my garments, a Bhagavad Gita, by Swami Chidbhavanand, autographed and given to me by my grandfather, complete works of Swami Vivekananda in seven volumes, four books from Aurobindo including Savitri, essays by Ralph Waldo Emerson and my three diaries in which I used to scribble and place ideas from where ever they came to me, particularly the books I had read and I used to read a lot. I was always enthused about reading and learning. There was an insatiable desire to read, to learn, to understand, to analyse and to know the truth. 
    My grandfather was a morning walker, a habit, I picked up from him while I was in class IV as he used to take me and my elder brother to a library in the public park. I moved from Phantom and Mandrake comics early in life to biographies of Bhagat Singh, Chandrasekhar Azad, Chanakya, Vikramaditya, MaharanaPratap, and abridged versions of Shakespeare - Julius Caesar, Macbeth, Merchant of Venice, Tempest and many many more. He also continued to tell me a story each evening, when we were together, since I was the age of 5 till about the age of 14, which cover the entire Bhaagwat, Ramaayan, Mahabhaarat, Puraan, Panchtantraand others.
My mother used to subscribe to Hind Pocket Books, 8 to 10 books used to come by post every month, it was like rain on parched land. As I moved to class VIII, I read Col. Ranjeet (34 of them), Sharad Chandra Chattopadhyay (Devdas ++ ), I also made serious effort in vain to learn Bangla to read him in original. Bankim Chandra, Acharya Chatursen, Shivani, Amrita Pritam, Gulshan Nanda, Krishan Chander. GurudattJi was a close friend to my father and he used to give a huge lot of books to him whenever we visited his place at Delhi. I read him extensively Ganga Ki Dhara (5 vol.), KhandarBolRahein Hein (4 vol.) and many many more, he was making serious efforts to bring Hindu and Muslim Community together, in his own way.
     As I moved to class X (1969) and further, I read James Hadley Chase (76 of them, every one that I could lay my hands on), Ian Flaming –James Bond (18 of them from Goldfinger to The Man with a Golden Gun), Alistair MacLean (28 of them from Guns of Naverone, Where Eagles Dare to Circus), Harold Robbins (Stiletto ,79 Park Avenue, to The Pirates). By the time I was in class XI and entered college the scene shifted to classics Jane Austin, Bronte sisters, Earnest Hemingway, Erich Segal. While pursuing my Law Degree, I heard Swami ChinmayanandJi (12th Chapter of Shrimat Bhagwad Geeta, Prashno Upanishad andNarad Bhakti Sutra) and that opened the gates of freedom for Self, read Bhagwat Gita (Tilak, Vinobha, Gandhi, Radhakrishnan, Satyamitranand Ji), Swami Vivekananda, Sri Arobindo, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Bertrand Russell (History of Western Philosophy, Theory of Social Reconstruction), Biography of Philosophers. 
     From old Delhi Railway Station, I took a three wheeler and went to MPs flat at Humanyun Road, where I had to stay for some time till an alternate, more permanent arrangement was made. The flat at the ground floor, at Humayun Road was occupied by Mr. AvinashSanghi son of Mr. N.K. Sanghi, a servant and an old maid as the Parliament was not in session. Mr. N.K. Sanghi, the M.P. had gone to his constituency, Jodhpur.
    Around 8.30 am, I made a telephone call to Mr. S.C. Agarwal, who told me to reach 20-A, Lawyers Chambers in Supreme Court, on Bhagwandas Road, around 10.00 am, when he would be there. I took a three wheeler at about 9.15 am and requested to be taken to Supreme Court at Bhagwandas Road. At 9.30 am, I reached Bhagwandas Road and entered the premises of Supreme Court through Gate No. D. It was a great sight of the magnanimous balance shaped building, with a huge staircase and pillars standing before me, with lush green sprawled lawns. I had visited it once earlier with my father in May 1964, when Justice Gajendragadkar was the chief justice and he was sitting with four other judges in the chief justice court. As I turned on the right and entered into chambers block, through the porch, right in front was 20-A Lawyers chambers, with increasing numbers on the right till 48 and reducing on the left till 1. There was a brown signboard attached on the right top of the door and read ‘Ramamurthy & Co.’ and below that was written D.P. Singh and S.C.Agrawal.
    The door of the chamber was locked and I just walked up and down in the corridor of the chambers, familiarizing myself with the surroundings around and have a feel of place where I had to spend many years to come. In about 10 minutes a middle aged person came and opened the lock of the chamber. I told him that I was a law graduate from Jodhpur and had come to meet and work with Mr. S.C. Agrawal. The person told me that he was Mr. Sikka, the senior clerk of the law firm and looked at me with a curious smile, meaning of which is difficult to decipher and walked into the chamber, without speaking a word. 
     It was fairly a large room, with two wooden executive chairs, two large executive wooden tables stacked with files, leaving just enough space to get into a room on the side and four chairs in the front. There as another large table on the left, with two chairs behind it and three chairs in front, having a type writer in front of one of the three chairs. Between this large table and the wall immediately on the left was another long table from the door to the end of the wall which was heaped with files. There was just enough space to enter to the two chairs on the left behind the table. At the end of the room there was a gate on the right and as I walked in and peeped into it, I saw a table with two typewriters, a cyclostyling machine and the room packed with files from wall to wall. There was a gate at the back which opened into a parking space. Mr. Sikka who had entered the room was standing there and looked at me. We smiled at each other and I came back to the room. I took a seat on one of the two chairs behind the large table, immediately on the left of the entrance. Behind the chair was All India Reporter (AIR) from top of the wall, corner to corner, I checked up, it was from 1914, complete set as was in my father’s office. In the front was Supreme Court Reports (SCR) 1950 onwards, the last row had Supreme Court Cases (SCC) 1969 onwards and bare Acts. I wondered where the text books were.
I looked around to have a feel of the chamber and picked up 1950 SCR. As I looked at the list of Hon’ble Judges on the first page, I saw name of two ad hoc judges, Hon’ble Justice R.S. Naik and Justice Khaliluzzaman. A very interesting fact and I quickly turned over the pages to find where they were figuring and I saw four (4) judgments delivered by Supreme Court of India (Hyderabad), where their names were figuring. I turned over the pages and found the ‘Proceedings at the Inaugural Sitting of the Supreme Court of India, In the Court House, New Delhi, on January 28, 1950’.  It made a wonderful reading and nothing could have been a better document to enable me to understand the vision statement of Supreme Court on my first day at Supreme Court. I continued to read it, just aware of anybody entering the room.
At about 10 am Mr. S.C. Agrawal came and occupied the first of the two chairs at the end of the room. I got up and greeted him. Mr. Agarwal welcomed me and gave me a big broad smile and with a gesture of his hand told me to take the chair on which I was sitting. Mr. Sikka came out immediately, gave Mr. Agarwal some letters and files and Mr. Agrawal signed the letters, gave them back to Mr. Sikka and got busy with the files. After some time another advocate, around 45 yrs. of age entered the room, almost like one of my father’s associates and occupied the chair next to the chair on which I was sitting. He looked around and opened a file and started working on the file. I continued to read and kept looking at Mr. Agrawal, for an eye contact. 
    After some time Mr. Agrawal looked up and discussed something with the associate sitting next to me and after the discussion was over, looked at me and said “Aruneshwar, Mr. Francis, Mr. V.J. Francis” and looking at him said “Francis, Aruneshwar is a law graduate from Jodhpur and will be working here”. I got up and shook hands with Mr. V.J. Francis. Mr. Francis gave a very warm welcome smile and as I touched his hand I realized that his hands was unusually dry and rough. The first feeling I got with the touch was that he had gone through a lot and a very tough life. I asked him which of the chair I should occupy as my seat. 
    Mr. Francis, with a big smile said “Two chairs on those two table there, are for Mr. D.P. Singh, Senior Advocate and Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha from the State of Bihar and Mr. S.C. Agrawal occupies the chair on which he is sitting, I sit on the chair on which I am sitting and the chair next to me is a musical chair, you are occupying it at present. Nobody will tell you to get up, but if somebody is sitting on it, you cannot request him to get up either. We have to get ready for tomorrow matters. Just watch and observe. You will soon pick up something”. 
    Suddenly, around 11 ‘o’ clock the activities in the chamber got moving and energized. Everybody seemed to be rushing here and there. Mr. Sikka rushed with the cause list and some papers out of the chamber. I looked up at Mr. Francis, with a question mark. To my surprise Mr. Francis smiled and said that the boss was there. I had never thought, that there was another boss around. After some time Mr. S.C. Agarwal got up to move out of the chamber, with two files in brown folders in his hand and with a gesture asked me to come with him. I got up to move behind Mr. S.C. Agarwal, who by that time had got out of the room and had turned left. At the same moment Mr. Sikka entered the room and by the time I could get out of the room and look left in the corridor Mr. S.C. Agarwal had disappeared into the oblivion. I was puzzled, it would be unwise on my part to go back and ask somebody. I, therefore, moved slowly and cautiously peeping into each chamber, through the glass fitted in the doors. As I crossed chamber 26, I saw a fleeting glimpse of Mr. S.C. Agrawal sitting in the end of the room and discussing something to another middle aged gentleman. I opened the door and slowly and cautiously walked into the chamber, which unlike 20A had a strong spring closure to close it, on its own silently. 
    As the door opened, Mr. S.C. Agrawal looked up as if he had forgotten that I was following him and continued the discussions with the gentleman. With a gesture he asked me to take a chair on a large black conference table, with a glass top on the left of the entrance. Every inch of both the walls on both the sides of the chamber was covered with books and books, text books on the right and English Law Reports on the left, a great place to be in. I could spend hours and hours here and satisfy my insatiable desire to read and read more, to learn and learn more, to know and know more. Slowly as I sat down and watched the discussion, I felt the existence of a very powerful personality like my father in front of Mr. S.C. Agarwal. Both Mr. S.C. Agrawal and the gentleman had thick brown folders in their hands. Mr. S.C. Agrawal was telling some facts to the gentleman, who continued to ask questions and make notes on the first page, of the thick brown folder, called brief. The gentleman told Mr. Agrawal about some judgments and Mr. Agrawal continued to give the citations of the judgments out of his memory, which the gentleman continued to write on his brief. Soon they finished holding the conference on all the four briefs. 
   After the conference was over and Mr. S.C. Agrawal was about to get up, he looked up at me and then at the gentleman and said “This is Aruneshwar from Jodhpur, son of Justice D.P. Gupta of Rajasthan, one of the 13 judges of High Court in MISA case. Aruneshwar, Garg Sahib”. Mr. Garg looked at me with a smile, Mr. S.C. Agrawal got up and left the room. I also got up as Mr. S.C. Agarwal left the room and continued to look at Mr. R.K. Garg for I expected him to say something. Mr. Garg had a pile of books on the table in front of him, some of them were in Urdu and others in English and he continued to make some notes on the brief. After sometime Mr. R.K. Garg closed the brief in hand and looked up straight at me and said:
    “So you are 26 years late in the profession, young man”.
  “But, I was born that way” said I not correctly understanding the basis and reasoning of his statement.
   “Supreme Court started in 1950 and you have come in 1976, how you think you will understand what Supreme Court is doing. There is only one way young man, if you are really serious in the profession, start reading 1950 onwards and 1976 backwards and continue to make notes. After you have read at least 10 years each side and continue to update with what is going on, you will have some idea of what Supreme Court is doing. Supreme Court has to lay down law for the entire country and you have to know what law is as interpreted by Supreme Court, what the basis of that law is and what law has to be laid down, if you do not know the direction of law, the way Supreme Court thinks, how can you assist the Supreme Court in performing its duties and if that doesn’t happen the institution will collapse. So read, write, analyse and discuss and see what is happening here”. It was a perfect statement, an articulate exposition, every word made sense, there was not a word that was out of context. Logic, direction and experience all clearly stated in the minimal possible words.
   “I will do it to the best of my ability,Sir” said I, feeling elevated and looking forward for the cherished task at hand and the presence of a powerful personality in action. I said “Good Day, Sir” and left the room as I realised that Mr. Garg had picked up a book and had got engrossed in the same. I came out of the chamber and saw the name plate, Mr. R.K. Garg on one side of the door and Ramamurthy & Co on the other side. I wondered who would be Mr. Ramamurthy and I saw chamber no. 27 right in front of chamber no. 26 with the name M.K. Ramamurthy. Someday I will know it all, thought I and walked back to the chamber no. 20 A.
   When I came back to 20A Lawyers Chambers, I realised that some other Advocate was sitting on the chair on which I was sitting earlier and talking to a client sitting in front of him. Mr. Francis looked at me and smiled, as if saying – “Look I had told you.” I took the seat in front of Mr. Francis, picked up 1950 SCR and started reading it. 
    Around 6.30 pm the activities in the chamber were over, everybody had left. I requested Mr. Sikka, if can sit over in the chamber late and that if I could get a duplicate key of the chamber, for I would be reaching at 9.00 am the next morning and would like to stay late for I had seen my father working late night till 2 am during my 18 yrs. of conscious life with him at Jodhpur (1958 – 1976). Mr. Sikka, looked at me, smiled and said that it would be possible for him the next day to give me a duplicate key of the chamber, though it was very unusual request, never made by any advocate yet and that the chambers in Supreme Court would finally close at 9 pm. I came back to Humayun Road, took a bath and walked on Shahaajahan Road till India Gate to have a feel of air of Delhi and the surroundings. Akhsay Sanghi told me that he was going to Chelmsford Club for squash and that behind Humanyun Road was Khan Market. I did not understand much, for I was neither a club goer nor market hunter. 
    I have come to take up law as the calling of my life and have to live a life with dignity in which market and clubs had no place. Though, I have not the remotest idea of what will unfold in time. Time will unfold all that has to come and I have the blessings of my grandfather and support of the divine…

Sunday, July 30, 2017

A historical launch – Basketball India Players Association (BIPA)

July 29, 2017 marks a historical date for a historical event in the history of basketball in India. This historic occasion is a result of detailed discussions, deliberations and planning spreading over a period of almost two years between sports professionals and former Olympians, Arjun and Dhyanchand Awardees, Captain of Indian Men and Women Teams, international and national player and other stake holders of sports industry. 
Amongst the packed audience at Deputy Speaker Hall, Constitutional Club, New Delhi, to grace the launch of BIPA were present Yogeshwar Dutt – Olympian Medalist Wrestling 2012 (Chief Guest), Gian Sherawat Singh – Olympian 1984, Ajmer Singh – Arjun Awardee, Olympian Basketball-1980, Hanuman Singh - Arjun Awardee, Olympian Basketball – 1980, Zorawar Singh - Olympian Basketball – 1980, T.S.Sandhu - Olympian – 1980, Gajendra Singh – Member of Parliament and President BIPA, Ram Kumar – Dhyanchand, Former Captain Indian Men Team, Secretary General BIPA, Divya Singh, Former Captain Indian Women Team, Treasurer BIPA and many more who were duly facilitated on the occasion and committed themselves to passionately pursue the vision, mission and objectives of BIPA.
The vision, mission and objectives of BIPA was express, clear and were spelled out to provide BIPA members:
• Lifelong security
• Medical Coverage
• Tickets to events
• Pensions benefits
• Enhance and defend the image of players and the profession
• Represent and protect the rights of the players on all forums
Additional benefits that the players will get from BIPA were expressed as:
• Effectively market Players to leagues and international teams.
• Help players for overseas opportunities.
• Protect the player's contractual rights and other rights under  agreements
• Find a team, club, academy, agent and provide support in player trading
• Help the player maximize income from endorsements, commercials, autographs and appearances
• Advice player on his or her personal conduct and relationship with the media.
• Refer the player to medical specialists and treatment facilities as and when required
• Serve as a buffer between the player and their team when any issue arises
• Mentor players and be a positive influence for them
• Be available to a player's family to discuss any questions or concerns.
The goals of BIPA is clearly to uplift basketball and it's players in India by:
• Bringing a corporate structure to Basketball in India
• Bring benefits directly to the Players
• Launch bigger, better and more popular events
• Share profits with all the players
• Enhance value and worthiness of players within the society
• Empower every Basketball player as the sport grows
• Promote national icons on international level to help them get their due
• Make parents want their kids to play and be professional player
• Enthuse kids to play and take up basketball as profession
• BIPA Membership will be exclusively for players and basketball stakeholder
The Incorporation and launch of BIPA is unique and significant because of the following amongst many other reasons
• BIPA is the first Sports Association in the country in which all the promoters are  basketball players
• BIPA is the first Sports Association in the country in which all the office bearers are national and international basketball players
• BIPA is the one of the largest players association in the country and possibly in the world with about 2,800 members who are basketball players, coaches, referees, ground officials, physiotherapists, dietitians, and other stakeholders and the membership is likely to increase to 20,000 by the end of the year
• BIPA is making efforts to be founder member of World Basketball Players Association and World Players Association
One thought and notion was made clear, express and unambiguous by all the speakers that there is no conflict of interest of BIPA with any Federation or Association as their objective was to promote basketball which was also the objective of Olympianism and FIBA. The benefit of the activities carries out by BIPA will go to each player who will continue to play official tournaments held by Federation and Associations. The ultimate benefit of empowerment of players will go to the nation to win medals and accolades and glorification of the game.

Sunday, July 23, 2017

Dimension Theory as basis of GDPS (Growth, Development, Progress and Social-Engineering)

   As a few people became aware of the fifth dimension and are manifesting, expressing and expounding their perception, understanding and knowledge relating to it (Interstellar - Movie), the institutions are gearing up to meet the challenges of the fourth industrial revolution which is setting in the VUCA (Volatile, Uncertain, Complex and Ambiguous) world. VUCA nature of the world is the result of quantum existence of multi-dimensional beings, thriving to retain and maintain their identity.
     Human mind is capable of comprehending the direction of this webbed structure, which can be quickly grasped now, because the dimensional change post 2015 makes it possible for more beings to appreciate, understand and accept the dimension theory of GDPR as the basis of all the advancements and conflicts existing and will come into existence in due course of time. These changes continue to affect just everything and everybody as the social DNA continue to alter – economics, politics, governments, bureaucrats, international organizations, NGOs, entrepreneurs, family, relationships, law, art, sports, spiritual awareness etc. 
      People who matter are able to see the direction of the change and they help others who are affected by it absorb and move with the change. The seers, seekers, statesmen and leaders continue to sustain the system by communicating with the masses in various forms, in their daily social interaction. The masses are not interested to know the basis for they have their structured life routines to keep them engrossed and rely on their representative leaders for decision making and showing them the path. It is, therefore, imperative to understand the dimensions and understand how the change in dimension, continue to changes the world around  choicelessly.
    The cycle moves through full 12 dimensions. We deal up to sixth here, for that is relevant for our times and purposes, others will be revealed as the world continues to move in its lateral existence:
First Dimension: Dot; awareness or consciousness as single individual existening as unit; nomad; without settlement; pre-civilization; pre-agriculture; closest link to another dot, a line…
Second Dimension: Area; square, rectangle, circle, triangle; settlement; civilization; family; tribes, clan, colony; ownership of land; agriculture age/ wave; awareness of existence of a group; use of education and knowledge for survival; actions charged by passion; man to man combat…
Third Dimension: Awareness of time and space; Cube, prism, balls, volume; Expansion of territories beyond nation; acquisition of land by discovery and wars; art of war; relativity; first, second and third Industrial revolutions; accuracy, precision, punctuality, exactitude; mass production- mass destruction; 1770 -1955..
Fourth Dimension:  Awareness and belief in metaphysical existence; life beyond mere physicality; quantum mechanics; internet, web, space travel; border-less, gender-less, classless, timelessness world; search of soul mates; Intuitive wisdom, 24 x 7; open work culture, beyond time and space; TV, mobile and Internet; Awareness of consciousness, signs and symbols; 1955 - 2015..
Fifth Dimension:  Harmony in metaphysics; every being on the earth has a meaningful and purposeful existence being a part of the whole and must be given due recognition and respect; Synchronized deep relationships with people interse ... meeting with soul mates and respect to old souls; Cultural as barometer of gross social happiness; awareness of survival only if entire humanity join in concord; Collective consciousness in accord; talking to Angles; 2015 - 2035...
Sixth Dimension:  Rhythm in metaphysics; awareness of universal consciousness; Synchronized existence of majority of beings; universalism and blissfulness; 2035 +
     The dimensionality of the beings choicelessly continue to change, evolve and grow and so do their perception, thought process, attitude and social interaction and as the DNA of majority changes, it gets accepted and realized that the world has moved from one age to another as if mounted on a wave. The majority in the world moved from pre-agricultural age (prior to settlement and civilization) to agricultural age (prior to 1770) to industrial age (1770-1955), to e-age (post 1955) and finally to AI-age (Artificial Intelligence), post 2015.
   When the majority of human beings shifted from second dimension to the third, they became aware of time and space and were able to work on the wisdom of the past for new inventions, industrial age commenced with the first industrial revolution in 1770 in Europe. It was also the time when the booty of plunder and loot from India continued to arrive, without any resistance and competition. The development of steam engine, textile industry and iron played central roles.
    The second industrial revolution took place between 1870 and 1955 where Europe and America played central role. Banking institution and debt financial structuring brought in capital from thin air and supported inventions, and developed infrastructure and technologies. Use of electricity, oil and steel for mass production and mass destruction resulted in expansion of existing industries and growth of new ones. Major technological advances during this period included telephone, light bulbs, internal combustion engine and brought in competition and rise of individual nation.
     Post 1955 (when the white collar jobs in USA exceeded the blue collar jobs) service jobs exceeded industrial workers, the third industrial revolution resulted in shift to digital technology and brought in personal computers, the internet, mobile phones and information and communication technology. This shifted the world to a whole new webbed structure and a global village. People started getting linked to each other, in spite of themselves, and the awareness dawned on one and all that the globe is a single integrated and connected unit. The advent of e-age created a border-less, seamless, limitless, gender-less, classless, ageless, multi-culture world where the only barometer of beings’ achievements and success is the power of thought and capacity to provide means of economic exchange with products which were more accurate, faster, efficient and cost effective. During this period the attributes of majority of people shifted from the physical third dimension to metaphysical fourth dimension and that brought in sudden awareness to health issue, wellness and a shift to a more humane and spiritual being, a better civil society.
    The fourth industrial revolution broke in 2015 building itself on the digital revolution and marks the emergence of artificial intelligence, nanotechnology, quantum computing, biotechnology, 3D Printing and autonomous vehicles. Wealth creation by more humane ways and relationship based on co-existentialism has continued to evolve simultaneously in the quantum world as it progresses in the fourth industrial revolution. This new dynamics is taking precedence over a controlled world with monopoly in the hands of few charging passions of those who can be ruthlessly and brutally exploited in a created competitive and controlled environment in the lateral world. Suddenly there was also awareness of (mis) utilization of money in the hands of financial institutions and bankers by those who were anti human and anti-social.

Friday, April 28, 2017

Akhilesh Ji - The grand banyan tree

     How much and how little can one say about a person who has done so much for so many? Most of his amazing social contributions to unknown individuals came to light with great awe, admiration and reverence only after he had left us all with deep pain, shock and sorrow. Inheriting a political DNA from his father (Late) Babu Banarsidas Ji, former Chief Minister of UP, Akhilesh Ji was born as the youngest member in his family. From very early in his life he developed deep and amazing political sense and had a very humble beginning in his career.
    By sheer hard work, passion for helping the needy, he ardently continued to facilitate, even without knowledge of his family, every person that came to him for help. Nobody ever returned empty handed and without a solution from his house ever. We all feel the un-reasonableness of the hands of time in leaving us without a great person who relentlessly worked for wiping out so many tears from so many eyes, that approached him with love and affection.
   Akhilesh Ji rose to great heights in all spheres of his activities as he had developed a unique understanding of the human nature and social structures. He had complete grasp of fundamentals of political synergies and took every task in hand to its logical conclusion. After doing a job, he started a co-operative bank, then he was elected as the Mayor of Lucknow, thereafter member of Rajya Sabha and  Minister of State for steel in Union Cabinet. He conceived and created BBD University, where about 25,000 students are getting education and a large number of them free. As sports administrator he was able to take Badminton in India to new levels, during his tenure as President of BAI, India won medals in two consecutive Olympics. As real estate developer he developed BBD Greens, he started two newspapers Voice of Lucknow and Kaumi Khabren, 90.3 FM Channel, hotels and many more ventures. He handled them all with precision and great perfection. Akhilesh Ji was like a grand banyan tree, with his spread all over.
   While our family is left without a member who formed the finest ingredient of us all and whose presence we all cherished at all times, there are so many here and out there who are left without a supporter, friend in need and a guide providing a practical solutions in a moment. He was a dedicated worshipper of Lord Ganesh and it was on the wee hours of a Wednesday that he left us all without a whisper. Being without him is being without an indispensable part of our life. With greatest love, affection, fondness, admiration and respect, we pay our homage to a great soul and a fine human being. May he rest in peace and God give all possible strength to his wife, my sister Alka, son Viraj Sagar, daughter Sonakshi to take forward his legacy with same grandeur and to us all, who will always  always continue to remember him with fondness and miss him all our life.